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10. Nutritional needs of the pregnant teen and problems interfering with their ability to maintain adequate nutrition

a. Adolescence (13 to 18 years) has special nutritional needs unrelated to pregnancy because of rapid growth and development of the body.

b. Adolescence represents a time when the diet may not be closely supervised by parents and "junk food" becomes the mainstay of the diet.

c. One in 10 adolescents who become pregnant is obese. The fat-conscious teen may have not been getting adequate nutrition.

d. Underweight adolescents are more prone to anemia (iron-poor blood), bone problems, and infections.

e. Caloric requirements-to be provided by nutritional foods-for the pregnant and breastfeeding teen

1) 11 to 14 years
  (a) Pregnancy: 2,700 calories

(b) Breastfeeding: 2,900 calories


2) I5 to 18 years
 

(a) Pregnancy: 2,400 calories

(b) Breastfeeding: 2,600 calories

f. Ask your physician/practitioner about WIC Program (special Supplemental Food Program for Women and Children)..
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11. Dietary habits and acceptable foods with the pregnant/postpartum woman
(Refer to Box 3-3) NUTRITIONAL TEACHING GUIDES

(From Sj. Reeder, L. Martin, D. Koniak-Griffin. Maternity Nursing. Family, Newborn, and Women's Health, 18th ed. Lippincott-Raven, 1997.)

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