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    PRENATAL / POSTPARTUM CARE
    Care of the Pregnant and Postpartum Woman
    1. 
    Pregnancy Stages - Prenatal growth and the baby's birth.
  1. Trimesters
  2. Labor
  3. Delivery
  4. 2. 
    Normal discomforts of pregnancy:
    Physiological basis for the discomfort, Management of the discomfort,
    Indications of potential problems that should be reported 
    to your obstetrics (OB) care provider.
  5. Backache
  6. Braxton Hicks Contractions
  7. Constipation
  8. Dizziness/Fainting
  9. Swelling in the Extremities - Edema
  10. Frequent Urination and Nocturia
  11. Heartburn/Indigestion
  12. Hemorrhoids
  13. 3. 
    Most common conditions associated with premature birth
    Expectant parents may want to refer to our book resources
    to discuss each condition in depth.
    *4.
    Danger signs in pregnancy, requiring immediate attention
    of your healthcare provider
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    5. 
    Anatomical changes in the postpartum woman.
    6. 
    Types of Episiotomy. (incision of perineum to allow passage of baby)
    Nutrition Concerns of the Pregnant and Postpartum Woman
    7. 
    Daily dietary allowances of nonpregnant, pregnant, and breastfeeding women.
    8. 
    Recommended number of food group servings.
    9. 
    Specific types of food and food preparation in relation to the postpartum woman.
    10.
    Nutritional needs of the pregnant teens and problems interfering with their compliance.
    11.
    Dietary habits and acceptable foods with the pregnant/postpartum women.
    12.
    Specific needs for rest in postpartum mother.
    13.
    The role of ambulation (walking) during the mother's recovery.
    Breastfeeding
    14.
    Suggested breastfeeding techniques.
    15.
    Problems of sore nipples and some usual comfort measures to ease the pain.
    16.
    Problems and solutions of engorged breasts.
    17.
    Proper methods of breast pumping and milk storage.
  14. Breast massage and hand expression
  15. Use of mechanical breast pump
  16. Pumping schedule
  17. Example: Instructions for Egnell Electric Breast Pump 
  18. 18. Reasons for pumping and type of pump to use.
  19. Collection and storage of breast milk
  20. Collection by milk cups
  21. Care of Electric Breast Pump equipment
  22. Example: Kaneson Breast Pump
  23. More Specific Hygienic Needs of PostPartum Women
    19.
    Purpose and procedure for the use of binders
    if the mother has been instructed to use them by her physician/practitioner.
    20.
    Specific hygienic needs of postpartum mothers.
    21.
    The normal discomforts in the postpartum period and comfort measures
    that may be used
    22.
    The procedure for application of the warm water bottle and warm compress.
    23.
    Procedures for application of cold as a comfort measure.
    * 24.
    Postpartum problems that require investigation by physician/practitioner.
    25.
    The emotional needs of postpartum women.
    26.
    The procedure for giving a bed bath.
    Prenatal / Postpartum Care: List of Tables
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    lsb 05/30/2002